Setting Up the Chess Board

A chess game consists of a chess board which is a square board of 8*8 squares, and chess pieces. A chess board is made up of squares of light and dark colour, usually black and white. For each colour, there are 16 chess pieces namely, 8 pawns, 2 knights, 2 rooks, 2 bishops, 1 King and 1 Queen. A standard chess board is set up as follows.

King and Queen are set up at the center of each side. With white queen on white box and black on black box respectively. Next to the queen at the center is King. They are usually set up as the king faces the opponent king and same is for queen. The next pieces beside the king and queen are Bishop. They move backwards and forward in diagonal direction only, so they stay on their original colour throughout the game.

Then comes the knight . It comes next to the bishops. The movement of knight pieces are in the shape of ‘L’. So it moves straight 2 boxes and then 90 degree to the right or left. The unique characteristic of Knight is that it can jump over pieces which are in its way.

Next to the knight is the Rook. The rook is the last piece of the row and stands on both ends. Its movement is straight forward /backward or right left. This completes the first row of chess pieces.

On the second row are the 8 pawns. Pawns are the lowest of all chess pieces and they act like an army. They stand as a guard to the king, queen and their counterparts. Pawns just advance one square at a time. But during their first turn, the pawns can move 2 squares, but not after that. The pawn can only attack the opponent if it is standing on the front diagonal square. It cannot attack opponent if it’s directly in front of it. A unique power of a pawn is that if it reaches the last row of the opponent, it can bring back a piece of a bigger power.

So that is how we set up a simple chess board to play. Set up yours and start playing!

Understanding the Different Chess Set Designs

Chess is one of the most renowned indoor games. A chess game equipment consists of a chess board and chess pieces or chessmen of both the teams. One player is team Black and the other is White. In general, their colours need not to be specifically black or white. The darker chessmen are by defauly black, while the lighter ones are white. A rookie might think that all chessmen are the same, but this is not necessary. The pieces are the same, but their appearance mught differ depending on various chess sets.

Chess sets are broadly classfied into the upcoming categories.
The most rampant chess set is the Staunton style. All international level tournaments are played on this standard Staunton chess set and this is the only legal style in tournaments. Nathaniel Cook invented this type of design in 19th century.

Wood is the primary and standard material used to create these chess sets. By default, the king is the tallest piece with a cross on its head and pawns are the smallest. Queen is a little short than the king. A characteristic icon of Staunton chess pieces is that the human characters like the king, queen, pawn have a disc called coller below their heads, which pieces like Knight or Rook does not.

For the other audience, the non-competetion one, a unique and artistic chess design known as Berliner chess set is designed. They are unique chess sets made for the Elegant class. They are not the standard pieces, but are different in look and design. They came into existence in the 20th century, when chess became not just a game, but a piece of art collection.

The craftmanship is unique and can be seen by closely looking closely at the pieces’s details. The colour of the pieces may or may not be black and white, but it will depend on the material used to make it. They are quoted at a high price as most of them are handmade. Some are even vintage sets which are no longer built. They are made by boxwood. This clearly justifies that chess is not just a game anymore, but an art piece as well.